Cyber Security vs. Artificial Intelligence: Which Career to Choose in 2023?

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May 12, 2023

As technology evolves at an unprecedented rate, two fields have emerged as some of the most promising career paths for job seekers: Cyber security and Artificial Intelligence (AI). While both areas involve working with technology, they are vastly different regarding the skills, knowledge, and training required. This article will explore cyber security vs. artificial intelligence and help you decide which career path suits you.

Cyber Security vs. Artificial Intelligence

Regarding a career path in the technology industry, cyber security and artificial intelligence (AI) are two popular options. Many queries arise in people’s minds, such as; Which is better to learn cyber security or artificial intelligence? What pays more is cyber security or data science AI. 

Both fields offer unique opportunities for professionals with a strong technical skillset, but they differ in job responsibilities, required education and training, and earning potential.

Also, See: Cyber Security vs. Information Technology: A Comprehensive Comparison

Salary Comparison

Cyber Security vs. Artificial Intelligence

In terms of earning potential, AI careers generally offer higher salaries than cyber security careers. As per the Bureau of Labor, the median per year salary for computer and information research scientists, which includes AI professionals, was $131,490 in May 2021. 

In contrast, the median annual salary for information security analysts, which includes cyber security professionals, was $102,600 in May 2021. However, it is essential to note that salary can vary greatly depending on the specific career path, level of experience, and geographic location.

Job Outlook

Both cyber security and AI are in high demand and have a positive job outlook. According to (ISC)2, employment of information security analysts is projected to grow 31% from 2019 to 2029, much faster than the average for all occupations. 

The work economy is going to be significantly impacted by AI’s rapid expansion. By 2025, AI is predicted to create 97 million new employment while eliminating 85 million.

Educational Requirements

Most AI careers require at least a master’s degree in computer science or AI, but some entry-level positions may only need a bachelor’s degree. Cyber security careers also typically need a graduate’s or master’s degree in a comparable field, like computer science, information technology, or cyber security. However, certifications and specialized training can also be valuable in both areas.

Technical Skills

In cyber security, technical skills such as knowledge of firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and threat analysis are essential. In contrast, AI professionals require technical skills in machine learning, natural language processing, and data analysis. However, both fields require a strong understanding of Python, Java, and C++ programming languages.

Soft Skills

In addition to technical skills, cyber security and AI professionals require strong, soft skills such as communication, problem-solving, and critical thinking. Cyber security professionals must communicate complex technical information to non-technical stakeholders, while AI professionals must identify problems and create solutions using data-driven approaches.

Certifications and Training

In both fields, industry-standard certifications can be valuable for career advancement and demonstrate proficiency in specific areas. For cyber security, standard certifications include CompTIA Security+, Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), and Certified Information Security Manager (CISM). In AI, certifications in machine learning frameworks such as TensorFlow, Keras, and PyTorch can be valuable.

Cyber security Careers

Cyber Security vs. Artificial Intelligence

There are several cyber security careers available, including:

  • Cyber security Analyst: responsible for identifying and analyzing security threats and vulnerabilities
  • Cyber security Engineer: responsible for designing, implementing, and maintaining cyber security systems and solutions
  • Cyber security Consultant: provides cyber security advice and guidance to businesses and organizations
  • Cyber security Manager: responsible for overseeing cyber security operations and staff

AI Careers

There are several AI careers available, including:

  • Machine Learning Engineer: responsible for developing and implementing machine learning algorithms and models
  • Data Scientist: responsible for analyzing and interpreting large amounts of data to gain insights and make predictions
  • AI Research Scientist: responsible for conducting research in AI and developing new AI models and techniques
  • Robotics Engineer: responsible for designing and developing intelligent robots and automation systems.

Role of Artificial Intelligence in Cyber Security

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Cyber security are not the same things, but artificial intelligence impact cyber security in various ways. Artificial intelligence (AI) in cyber security and cyber defense has become increasingly crucial as cyberattacks evolve and become more sophisticated. 

The role of AI in cyber security is to analyze large amounts of information, detect patterns and anomalies, and find possible threats in real time. AI can automate many security tasks, such as intrusion detection, threat hunting, and incident response. 

Such as Machine learning (ML) is a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) that is increasingly used in cyber security to improve the detection and prevention of cyber threats. 

Cyber Security vs. Artificial Intelligence

It can also be beneficial to augment human analysts by providing insights and recommendations based on their data analysis. One of the most important advantages of AI in cyber security is to analyze vast amounts of information quickly and accurately. 

While AI is becoming an increasingly important tool for cyber security professionals to detect and prevent cyber threats, it still requires human intervention to manage and maintain security systems. So, AI (Artificial Intelligence) will not take over cyber security entirely.


Both cyber security and artificial intelligence careers offer great opportunities for those seeking challenging and rewarding professions. While there are differences in job outlook, salary, and educational requirements, having a passion for the work and a dedication to lifelong learning is crucial in either field. Consider exploring opportunities with NextDoorSec, a leading cyber security firm, if you’re interested in pursuing a career in cyber security.

Saher Mahmood

Saher Mahmood


Saher is a cybersecurity researcher with a passion for innovative technology and AI. She explores the intersection of AI and cybersecurity to stay ahead of evolving threats.

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